Fall Back! Daylight Saving Time for 2016 Ends this Sunday

By Paul Riegler on 3 November 2016
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Daylight Saving Time will end this Sunday, November 6, at 2 a.m. local time in most parts of the United States and Canada. Clocks should be set back by one hour.

In the European Union, Summer Time (called British Summer Time, or BST, in the United Kingdom and Sommerzeit in Austria and Germany) ended last Sunday, the last Sunday of the month. This discrepancy in start times left the United States out of sync with a significant part of the world for a week.

Daylight Saving Time in the United States will resume on March 12, 2017 and end on November 5. In the European Union, Summer Time will be in effect between March 26, 2017 and October 29.

Daylight Saving Time is a system of managing the changing amounts of daylight that occur during the year, with a goal of maximizing daylight hours during the typical workday. It was first proposed in a somewhat jocular manner by Benjamin Franklin in a 1784 essay entitled “An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light,” wherein he calculated how much the citizens of Paris would save on candles by starting the day earlier. It was not broadly adopted until the early twentieth century when Germany became the first country to introduce it on April 30, 1916 in the middle of the First World War. The move was quickly followed by several other European nations including France and the United Kingdom.

The United States first introduced Daylight Saving Time in 1918 as an energy-saving measure.

By setting clocks ahead by an hour, people typically have more daylight available during the workday. Since, in the spring, the sun rises earlier each day, an individual who typically wakes up at 7 a.m. would have to rise at 6 a.m. to take advantage of the additional daylight. Instead, by moving the clock ahead by one hour, that person can continue to wake at 7 a.m. and enjoy more daylight in the early evening hours.

The result of having fewer daylight hours also leads to an increase in the number of people suffering from seasonal affective disorder, or SAD. Indeed, many people during the fall and winter months try to counteract the effects of lost sunlight by using bright artificial light therapy.

In order to avoid problems with Daylight Saving Time, business travelers should remember to update any operating systems or tech gear that do not automatically adjust to Daylight Saving Time. Devices that update automatically include laptop and desktop computers using Apple or Windows operating systems as well as most smartphones.

Daylight Saving Time is not observed in Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Arizona (with the exception of the Navajo Nation). Until 2006, the counties in the Eastern Time Zone of Indiana did not observe Daylight Saving Time and remained on standard time year round. As of April 2006, all of Indiana observes Daylight Saving Time. Most of Asia, Africa, and South America do not observe Daylight Saving Time at all.

Finally, don’t forget about your analog wristwatches and clocks – they will not adjust themselves!

(Photo: Accura Media Group)

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